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The secondary nutrients, sulfur (S), calcium (Ca), and magnesium (Mg), are used in slightly smaller amounts by turf plants, and micronutrients, iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), molybdenum (Mo), boron (B), and chlorine (Cl) are used in the smallest amounts by the plants. Turf fertilization contributes greatly to turf color, density, uniformity, and growth rate.


‚ÄčIn addition, properly fertilized turf is better able to compete with weed invasions and is able to recover from damage caused by environmental and biotic stresses more readily than turf that is improperly fertilized.

green color; shoot growth and density; root growth; carbohydrate reserves; recuperative potential; heat, cold, drought hardiness; wear tolerance; disease susceptibility

establishment rate; maturation; root growth; seed production

root growth; heat, cold, and drought hardiness; wear tolerance; disease susceptibility

green color; shoot growth and density; root growth; carbohydrate reserves; disease susceptibility

green color; shoot growth and density; root growth; carbohydrate reserves; heat, cold, drought hardiness; wear tolerance

Nitrogen (N)



Phosphorus (P)

Potassium (K)



Sulfur (S)


Iron (Fe)

Response

Mineral


Fertilizing your lawn maintains the overall physical strength and health, while encouraging growth and recovery. Traditionally September is considered the most important month for care of our cool season lawns, bluegrass and tall fescue. These grasses thrive in the cool of the spring and fall, and stress or even go into dormancy in the heat of summer. The arrival of September with the milder conditions helps revive the summer stressed turf. It naturally wants to grow and thrive. This is why it is important we give the grass what it needs to fully recover from the stress of summer. (K-state Johnson County Research & Extension)


Turf grasses require 16 chemical elements for growth and development. These elements can be divided into two main groups based on where they are obtained. The first group, carbon (C), hydrogen (H), and oxygen (O), are acquired from atmospheric carbon dioxide and water and comprise most of the turf grass body.

The second group are minerals derived from soil or fertilizer application. This group can be divided into three groups based on the amount in which they are used. The macronutrients, nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) are used in rather large quantities by turf grasses. 

fertilizing